Based on the Historical background of whole numbers, we have an idea about how people have used various symbols or numerals as a method of expressing numbers.

Many of these symbols were drawn from objects that people came across in their everyday life.
The early Egyptians used flowers like lotus or polliwogs or even pointed fingers to symbolize numbers.
The Aztecs used to draw a sack to represent the number 8000 because a sack full of cocoa contained about 8000 beans.

People from the Indian peninsula invented Math symbols such as 1, 2, 3 which we are using today. These are now universally used and were brought in by the Arabs to Europe. Later they were divided into whole numbers and rational numbers, real numbers...etc.

Whole numbers are 0,1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13…

The dots after the numbers signify that the list continues without any specified 'largest' whole number.
Like distances are associated with the markings on the edge of a ruler; the whole number can be associated with points on a line.

While counting is based on the base-ten numbering system that uses ten digits or numerals 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, and 9 These numerals are the first whole numbers. When we get to 9 we exhaust all single digit whole numbers and in order to represent the next set of whole numbers we use two digits like 10.Even though (0) zero is written as the first whole number, it is not considered as the first counting number.

Whole number property :

The whole number properties should actually be construed as whole number operations. There are four basic properties or operations for whole numbers; addition (+), subtraction (-), multiplication (x) and division (÷).
The written form of operations or properties is better known as expression.

Property Term Expression Meaning Result
Addition sum 7 + 2 sum of 7 and 2 9
Subtraction difference 8 - 2 difference of 8 and 2 6
Multiplication product 5 × 1 product of 5 and 1 5
Division quotient 6 ÷ 2 quotient of 6 and 2 3