A given fraction and the fraction obtained by multiplying (or dividing) both its numerator and denominator by the same non-zero number are called equivalent fractions.

$\frac{1}{2}$ , $\frac{2}{4}$ , $\frac{3}{6}$ are examples of equivalent fractions.

Equivalent fractions are found by multiplying both the numerator and the denominator by the same number. Equivalent fractions can also be found by dividing both the numerator and the denominator by the same number.

## What is an Equivalent Fraction?

Look at the representation of a few fractions:

The shaded areas in these figures represent the fractions, $\frac{1}{2}$ , $\frac{2}{4}$ , $\frac{3}{6}$ respectively. If we place one diagram over the other, they are found to be equal. That is, the fractions representing these shaded areas are equal. Such fractions are called as equivalent fractions.

In other words, if $\frac{a}{b}$ = $\frac{c}{d}$ , then we can say that ad = bc.