# Circular Segmentation

The segment of a circle is a part of circle that is obtained when a circle and a chord (or a secant) intersect each other.

When a chord or a secant is drawn through a circle, it is divided into two portions which are known as segments of circle. The bigger segment of a circle is called **major segment**, while the smaller one is known as **minor segment** as shown in the following figure:

Above diagram also shows the major and minor arcs of a circle. The part of circumference of circle corresponding to major segment is termed as **major arc **and that corresponding to minor segment is known as **minor arc**.

The process of dividing a circle into segments by means of a chord or a secant, is called **circular segmentation**.There are many problems and applications in various fields based on circular segmentation and finding its area.