Business Mathematics plays an important role in commercial enterprises for understanding and handling everyday operations.
Commercial enterprises use Math in probability, accounting, statistics, elementary algebra, sales forecasting, inventory management, financial analysis and marketing.


Business mathematics contains a set of both mathematical and statistical tool which can be used for the fulfillment of one or more objectives of the business sector like the, maximization of profits, minimization of cost and maximization of output or sales etc.
These tools are often known as quantitative techniques.

Here are some basic definitions to understand the fundamental concepts:
Selling Price: The market price at which the product is offered for a sale is called the selling price.
Cost Price: It is the actual or original price of an item.
Profit: If the selling price of a product is more than it's cost price or original price, then we say that the product is sold at a profit.
Loss: If the selling price of a product is less than its cost price or original price, then we can say that the product is sold at a loss.
Discount: It is the deduction given on the selling price of an item.
Simple Interest: It is the interest which is paid against the principal amount alone for a given period of time and the rate of interest.
Compound Interest: It is the interest which is calculated on the accrued interest added to the principal amount over a period of time and rate of interest.